Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his Mann Ki Baat programme highlighted the issue of Climate Change that is taking a heavy toll on the country’s marine ecosystem. He highlighted the reckless situation in the beaches describing them of become dumping grounds in the recent past. He urged the countrymen to actively participate in coastal cleaning.
India has a deep connection with the sea, considering our 7500 kilometers of coastline. The marine ecosystem accounts for some rare species with a diverse ecosystem. Despite being home to a number of flora and fauna, it is also a source of livelihood for the fishing communities.
In the recent past, various anthropological activities have deteriorated the state of our beaches. Rise in tourism has further aggravated the situation. The major issue being plastic pollution. According to the Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB) Report(2019-20), 3.5 million metric tonnes of plastic waste is generated in India annually. A significant step that India undertook to counter such measures was the ban on sale, manufacture and use of single-use plastic items in the country from July 1, 2022.
PM Modi in his Mann ki Baat programme, also highlighted about an initiative called ‘Swachh Sagar Surakshit Sagar’ which was launched from 5 July to 17 September in the coastal states. For a continuous period of 75 days, various coastal cleaning activities have taken place.
PM Modi appreciated the efforts of people participating by forming a human chain in Goa and educating locals about the ill-effects of throwing plastic into the sea. More than 5000 young volunteers collected more than 30 tonnes of plastic from beaches.
India has been working relentlessly to reduce its emissions to contribute to the global efforts against climate change. As per the Nationally Determined Contributions(NDC), India is committed in reducing the Emission intensity of its GDP by 45 percent by 2030.
A recent report released by the researchers at the University of Gothenburg proves that climate change is expected to affect marine life more than expected. The planning around marine ecosystem by the global nations should also take into action the effect it will have on climate change. According to the report findings, temperature change and salt concentration will have greater impact on marine life as compared to the other environmental elements.
The Report further highlighted the measures that countries should adopt in order to reduce the effect of climate change on their marine ecosystem. The solutions include establishing marine reserves, minimising the expansion of recreational boats in areas with rare biodiversity and also keeping a vigilant check on the encroachments in coastal border areas.
PM Modi has been lately focusing on the effective management of Climate change as it will also give a major boost to the blue economy. While addressing the recent National Conference of Environment Ministers in Gujarat, PM Modi stated that, “India is a rapidly developing economy, and it is continuously strengthening its ecology as well.”