The Ebola virus outbreak is again haunting the people of Uganda and other African countries. On 20 Sept 2022 new cases were reported in the Mubende District of Uganda.
On 30 Sept the cases in Uganda rose to 36, with 23 people so far losing their lives in the African country. It is said that there might be more cases as these figures just point to the reported cases. Still, there is no sign of the government announcing a lockdown.
The virus was declared an epidemic by WHO in 2014 and has been worse than the covid 19 pandemic. The deadly virus has again started infecting people after the epidemic between 2014 – 2016.
On 23rd March 2014, WHO marked it as an outbreak and the Ministry of Health of Guinea issued an alert for the then-unidentified illness.
The current case of Ebola was identified after 3 weeks of the outbreak, there is a possibility that there shall be more people who must have come in contact with the virus.
The virus spreads immediately after human contact with bodily fluids and has a more likable chance to spread in contaminated areas.
The first case of Sudan Ebola in 2022
On 11 Sept 2022 a 24-year-old male caught symptoms of the virus-like high fever, bloodstained vomits, loss of appetite, and chest pain.
Later a blood sample was collected by the Uganda Virus Institute and RTPCR tests were conducted, which resulted in positive and the patient collapsed the same day.
Till now 23 deaths due to this variant have been reported.
The History of the emergence of the Ebola Virus
The first outbreak:
In 1976 the first case of Ebola outbreak was discovered near the Ebola river now in the Democratic Republic of Congo
There was an outbreak of two distinct types of Ebola Virus in two parts of Africa in the beginning, the first outbreak happened in Zaire known as Zaire Ebola Virus and the second took place in South Sudan called the Sudan Ebola Virus.
The fatal virus spread affected people by the hemorrhage fever in central Africa.
After this discovery, scientists concluded that the virus came from two different sources and spread independently to people in each of the affected areas.
The virus directly attacked the body causing hemorrhage immediately after a high fever which resulted in the loss of
Outbreak in 2014
In December 2013, an 18-month-old boy from a small village in Guinea was infected by bats. This was the beginning of Ebola in West Africa. Then in 2014, a case of Ebola was reported in the rural region of Southeastern Guinea.
On 30th Sept, 2014 a travel-associated case was reported in the US, a man was travelling from West Africa to Dallas, Texas. He died on 8th Oct 2014.
The majority of medical workers were affected at this time due to the transmission and in total eleven people were infected.
The US tried to help seven patients who were transferred from West Africa to Texas, out of which one could not survive.
Special medical screening was implemented on the cross-border travelers coming from Guinea, Liberia and other African countries.
There were 28,652 suspected cases,15,261 were laboratory-confirmed cases, and 11,325 deaths were confirmed.
The deadly effects are hemorrhaging, bleeding, or bruising.
The basic symptoms of Ebola are acute fever, body pain, headache, muscle, joint pain, fatigue, sore throat, loss of appetite, and Gastrointestinal symptoms including abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.
This time the variant that has emerged is the Sudan Ebola virus, which has returned after 10 years and does not have a verified vaccine yet.
The problem which is hindering the situation is that the previous Ebola virus that affected the population was the Zaire Strain, and Africans only have the vaccine to cure this strain.
For the Zaire variant, the ERVEBO vaccine also known as V920 was given to the people.
Recovery and Precautions
- As soon as one finds to be infected by such symptoms should immediately isolate oneself in a room that has a bathroom and other basic necessities and avoid interacting socially.
- PPE kit has played an important role during the Covid 19 and helps prevention from this virus.
- Constant checks on the fever and other symptoms are important.
- Direct interaction with wildlife should be avoided as this virus has also infected primates (monkeys, chimpanzees, and apes).
- Crowded areas shall be avoided by people when the spread is at its peak.
- The early stage precautions include healthy warm food.