February 4, 2023 1:33 pm

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Germany plans to legalize cannabis for recreational activity

Germany will present the plan paper to the European Commission for approval before legally drafting a law.

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Olaf Scholz, a German politician who served as chancellor of Germany, has set out a plan to legalise cannabis for adults. After making cannabis legal, Germany would become the first European country to do so.

Health Minister Karl Lauterbach introduced a planned legislation to regulate the controlled distribution and consumption of cannabis for recreational purposes. In fact, possessing cannabis to the tune of 20-30 grams has also been made legal.

European Countries that made cannabis legal

Portugal, Spain, Malta, Netherlands and Luxembourg are some of the European countries which made Cannabis production, consumption and its use for medicinal purposes legal.

Current status 

The Plan says it will allow private-self cultivation of cannabis to a limited extent. The German Government has taken a significant step to develop Cannabis- related education and abuse prevention programmes. The government will introduce a special Cannabis Consumption tax. Germany will present the plan paper to the European Commission for approval and once they get a green light, they will legally draft a law.

Past agreement

Earlier the coalition government in Germany signed an agreement last November, where Olaf Scholz and three party Governments led by the chancellor stated its intention to sell cannabis legally to the adult population for recreational purposes.

The Green party and the Liberal Free Democratic Party with Marco Buschman, the Federal Minister of Justice recapitulated a pledge where they assured the public that in May, a law would be passed by the Government in the coming spring to have their “first legal Joint” for selling cannabis in Germany in 2023.

Profit of legalising cannabis 

Legalising cannabis will generate job opportunities in Germany, bringing annual tax revenues to the tune of about 4.7 billion euros ($4.7 billion), according to a survey of last year

Last year almost 4 million people consumed Cannabis in Germany, of which 25% were between the ages of 18 and 24, 

Opinions – 

Niklas Kouparanis, the chief executive of Bloomwell Group, one of the largest Cannabis firms said that if the EU commission does not support our cannabis law, then the German government will seek another way. He backed domestic cultivation of cannabis.

All federal states of the European Union do not welcome the law of cannabis. The Health Minister of Bavaria pointed out that Germany, after this law would become a drug tourism destination in Europe.

A Chief executive of German cannabis firm Synbiotic, Lars Mueller, seem excited after this news as he said it will be like winning a lottery for their company if it becomes a law.

Status in India

The consumption of narcotics (Ganja) and (Charas)has been a punishable offence in India under the Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) act which was enacted in 1985. It came into force in 1961 after the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs came into effect in 1975. Section 20(b) of the NDPS act, defines the punishment for the use of cannabis. 

Major Controversies in India

Marijuana, Hasis, or Ganja was prevalent in India between 2000-1400 BCE. Cannabis has been a part of the Indian tradition, and it is believed that ancestors used it for thousands of years to increase their life expectancy. In the present scenario, cannabis users in India, too have demanded its legalisation in the country. 

There has been a plea filed in the Delhi high court regarding the prohibition and criminalisation of the use of cannabis in India. A bench of Chief justice DN Patel and C Hari had issued a notice challenging the plea, which remains pending since 2019.

Bombay High Court has dismissed another case in 2015 regarding using cannabis for medicinal purposes.

There has been a case of Dharamveer Gandhi, a former member of parliament who was suspended by AAP (Aam Admi party). He had raised a bill to legalise cannabis for recreational use in 2016.

Bollywood Families & Drugs

Recently Aryan Khan(Son of Shahrukh Khan) was in the thick of controversy only because of the incident of the Mumbai cruise drugs case and was arrested by the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB). While there are many other stars who have been detained in the drugs case, including Fardeen Khan and Sushant Singh Rajpoot.

Why India is not legalising cannabis 

If cannabis is legal in India, the most affected group will be the younger generation, poor and illiterate.

Consumption of Tobacco and Alcohol has already been a huge problem in India. According to the WHO, nearly 3 million people die each year as a result of alcohol consumption. According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 1.35 million Indians die each year due to the consumption of tobacco.

Cannabis legalization in India will only worsen the present-day scenario but also open a gate for the promotion of drug addiction. 

Asha Kumari
Asha Kumari
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